Managing money is not always about cost cutting. It requires analytical approaches that will indicate which part of the expenses should be minimized or totally eradicated. As such, there has to be measurements in managing money; and in terms of report, this is translated into what is called finance metrics. One cannot just simply decide that a certain process or machine be removed as it is expensive. Decisions based on assumptions are more likely to cause financial damage than assistance or resolution.
There are many aspects in managing finance. There are several Key Performance Indicators or KPIs that need to be incorporated in the report when finances are measured. One of these is job costing. Whenever there are projects that has cost, especially for manufacturing, a job costing analysis should be made. It is in this principle or light that a job costing report should be prepared so the managers will get a picture of what is transpiring. This way, they can also see if the investment is earning or if there is much potential for expansion.
Job costing shows people the total accumulated costs of a certain project, and this should include overhead expenses, too. Full costs are calculated against the revenue, and this is more often than not measured by department or division.
The first part of the job costing report is the job ledger. This should contain accounting transactions in a specific order. Normally, this contains job orders and job numbers categorized in a specific way for easy tracking. This contains revenues, costs, indirect costs, and receipts for all the jobs done for a specific project. The job ledger may be sub-categorized in different buckets to easily identify the pain areas in expenses and lost revenues. This may include current cost, purged job cost, billing cost, and invoice ledgers.
Another metric that can be used in analyzing financial status and movement is discounted cash flow. This is a method in appraising a company and its financial assets. Perhaps the downside of this approach is that it is based on the estimation of future cash out flow instead of current expenditures. However, this estimation is backed up by historical data, which is the foundation of any statistical study. Normally, discounted cash flow is only applied in investments and real estate development industries. However, its effectiveness in gaging financial performance has led it to become one of the most used tools in financial studies.
Discounted cash flow may be confusing to some. The problem is that this is not based on simple addition and subtraction. There are a lot of financial formulas that need to be used because one has to factor in the value of treasury notes and the span of time that has elapsed since the assets were purchased.
In general, people who want to manage their finances should consult an expert in finance management, whether this is personal or corporate finance. It is always best to consult experts when developing finance metrics, to be sure that the things being measured are ultimately aligned with the goals of the company.